By Abdullah Al-Arian

whilst progressive hero Gamal Abdel Nasser dismantled and suppressed Egypt's greatest social stream association throughout the Nineteen Fifties, few can have imagined that the Muslim Brotherhood wouldn't purely reemerge, yet may well someday compete for the presidency within the nation's first ever democratic election. whereas there is not any scarcity of analyses of the Muslim Brotherhood's fresh political successes and screw ups, no examine has investigated the organization's positive go back from the dustbin of history.

Answering the decision examines the potential through which the Muslim Brotherhood used to be reconstituted in the course of Anwar al-Sadat's presidency. via research of structural, ideological, and social advancements in this interval within the historical past of the Islamic circulate, a extra actual photograph of the so-called "Islamic resurgence" develops-one that represents the rebirth of an previous thought in a brand new setting.

The Muslim Brotherhood's luck in rebuilding its association rested largely on its skill to draw a brand new iteration of Islamic activists that had come to rework Egypt's faculties and universities right into a hub for non secular competition opposed to the nation. Led by means of teams resembling al-Gama'ah al-Islamiyyah (The Islamic Society), the scholar circulate exhibited a dynamic and colourful tradition of activism that discovered suggestion in a large number of highbrow and organizational assets, of which the Muslim Brotherhood was once basically one.

By the shut of the Nineteen Seventies, notwithstanding, inner divisions over ideology and technique ended in the increase of factionalism in the pupil move. A majority of scholar leaders opted to extend the scope in their activist challenge via becoming a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, rejuvenating the suffering association, and launching a brand new part in its history.

Answering the decision is an unique research of the background of this dynamic and colourful interval of contemporary Egyptian heritage, giving readers a clean knowing of 1 of Egypt's such a lot pivotal eras.

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