By Committee on Homeland Security and Export Controls,Security, and Cooperation Development,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council

The "homeland" protection project of the dept of native land defense (DHS) is paradoxical: Its venture area is uniquely enthusiastic about the household effects of safeguard threats, yet those threats could be foreign in beginning, association, and implementation. The DHS is chargeable for the family safety implications of threats to the U.S. posed, partially, in the course of the international networks of which the U.S. is a component. whereas the protection of the U.S. air transportation community should be elevated if it have been remoted from connections to the bigger overseas community, doing so will be a hugely harmful step for the total textile of world trade and the unfastened move of people.

as an alternative, the U.S. executive, led by means of DHS, is taking a management function within the technique of preserving the worldwide networks during which the us participates. those a number of networks are either actual (e.g., civil air shipping, foreign ocean delivery, postal providers, overseas air freight) and digital (the web, foreign monetary funds system), they usually became very important components of the U.S. financial system and civil society.

Export keep an eye on demanding situations linked to Securing the native land found that superseded laws should not uniquely answerable for the issues that export controls publish to DHS, even supposing they're definitely an essential component of the image. This record additionally explains that the resource of those difficulties lies inside of a coverage approach that has but take into consideration the original undertaking of DHS relative to export controls. Export regulate demanding situations linked to Securing the native land explains the necessity by means of the dep. of safeguard and nation to acknowledge the foreign nature of DHS's very important statutory venture, the necessity to additional strengthen inner tactics at DHS to satisfy export keep watch over necessities and enforce export keep watch over regulations, in addition to the necessity to reform the export keep watch over interagency strategy in ways in which allow DHS to paintings throughout the U.S. export regulate procedure to cooperate with its international counterparts.

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