By Wael B. Hallaq

Wael B. Hallaq boldly argues that the “Islamic state,” judged by means of any common definition of what the fashionable nation represents, is either an very unlikely and inherently self-contradictory notion. evaluating the felony, political, ethical, and constitutional histories of pre-modern Islam and Euro-America, he unearths the adoption and perform of the trendy country to be hugely complex for contemporary Muslims. He then conducts a extra expansive critique of modernity’s ethical challenge, which renders most unlikely any undertaking resting completely on moral foundations.

The glossy country not just suffers from critical criminal, political, and constitutional matters, Hallaq argues, however it additionally, through its very nature, models a subject matter inconsistent with what it skill to be, or to stay as, a Muslim. through Islamic criteria, the state’s applied sciences of the self are seriously missing in ethical substance, and the Muslim nation, as Hallaq indicates, has performed little to develop an appropriate kind of actual Shari‘a governance. The Islamists' constitutional battles in Egypt and Pakistan, the Islamic felony and political mess ups of the Iranian Revolution, and related disappointments underscore this truth. however, the kingdom is still the well-liked template of the Islamists and the ulama (Muslim clergymen). supplying Muslims with a course towards understanding the nice existence, Hallaq turns to the wealthy ethical assets of Islamic background. alongside the way in which, he proves political and different “crises of Islam” should not targeted to the Islamic global nor to the Muslim faith. those crises are fundamental to the fashionable of either East and West, and spotting such parallels permits Muslims to interact extra productively with their Western counterparts.

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