By Kathrin Nina Wiedl

Seminar paper from the 12 months 2006 within the topic Orientalism / Sinology - Islamic experiences, grade: 1,3, Ben Gurion college (Middle East Institute), direction: heart East Economics, eighty one entries within the bibliography, language: English, summary: The Islamic banking method is a comparatively younger establishment that earnings impact not just within the Islamic international but additionally in non-Muslim international locations with sizeable Muslim groups. the 1st Islamic financial institution, Dubai Islamic financial institution, used to be erected in 1975; this day approximately 265 Islamic finance associations function in additional than 70 international locations, and their resources have elevated greater than 40-fold considering 1982 to exceed $230 billion. a growing number of western banks erect Islamic branches; the 1st was once Citibank in 1996.
This paper discusses the impression of an Islamic banking method at the start-up of younger, leading edge companies. A adverse impact may prevent those companies to enhance – if no longer counterbalanced via different measures like kingdom involvement. In non-Muslim international locations it'll constrain non secular Muslims from partaking within the modern cost effective adjustments, made up our minds via an opening-up of markets and privatization, which calls for the start-up of recent businesses.
The Islamic banking approach operates in keeping with Islamic legislation; consequently a number of Islamic regulations, an important is the prohibition of riba (=interest), restrict its freedom to strengthen compatible financing tools for the aid of younger, cutting edge businesses.
These regulations amplify the danger of the financial institution specifically while financing those companies, so the financial institution both avoids those companies or attempts to bend the Islamic legislation and operates – de facto – like a traditional financial institution. hence, besides the fact that, the financial institution is dealing with issues of the spiritual Supervisory Board, a vital part of each Islamic financial institution, on the way to cease the financial institution from deriving from the Islamic legislations (sharī´a).
After discussing those determinants, i'm going to talk about the prevailing interest-free financing tools of Islamic Banking appropriate for the start-up of younger, cutting edge enterprises.
On the instance of the PLS-concepts musharaka and mudaraba, i'll examine the standards that make those financing recommendations now not appealing for banks, in particular while financing younger, leading edge enterprise. at the instance of the Mark-up actions murabaha (Trade Financing) and ijara/ijara al-waktina (Leasing) i'm going to examine, why those suggestions are just appropriate for financing very exact instances of younger companies and aren't an appropriate substitute to Western banking ideas for almost all of younger entrepreneurs.
Finally i'll exhibit rules how you can increase the approach with no violating Islamic legislations, but additionally speak about the bounds of the Islamic banking system.

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