By U.S. Marine Corps (USMC),Department of Defense (DoD),U.S. Military

This monograph tells the tale of millions of U.S. Marines who supported Operations Sharp side, guaranteed reaction, quickly reaction, Noble Obelisk, and Joint job strength Liberia, the noncombatant evacuation operations in 1990, 1991, 1996, and 2003 from Liberia, in 1996 from the crucial African Republic, and in 1997 from Sierra Leone.

The conventional thoughts of applying Marines predicated their involvement in West Africa on conserving American lives and estate that would be at risk. sooner than its activities in West Africa, the Marine Corps used to be usually known as on for noncombatant evacuation operations. vintage examples of which come with fresh evacuation operations in Cyprus in 1974, South Vietnam in 1975, Cambodia in 1975, and Lebanon in 1982 and 1984. Marine involvement within the Liberian evacuations in the course of the country's 14 years of civil battle went past the everlasting presence of the Marine safeguard safeguard detachment on the U.S. Embassy in Monrovia, requiring a complete of six Marine Air-Ground job Forces and one Fleet Antiterrorism safety crew platoon to install in Liberia. helping parts have been found in Sierra Leone, Senegal, and Spain. As a testomony to operational flexibility, the Marines in Liberia reached so far as the significant African Republic, whilst a Marine Air-Ground activity Forces effectively introduced an extra noncombatant evacuation operation from the Liberia region of operations to aid the evacuation of U.S. electorate from Bangui. The civil struggle in Liberia from 1989 to 2003 triggered a lot bloodshed, dying, pain, and destruction. The Marine Corps efforts all in favour of preserving american citizens lives and estate and ended in the evacuation of american citizens and overseas nationals from the violence and chaos of civil war.

Part I - Operation Sharp facet 1990-1991 * bankruptcy 1 - Liberian Unrest Turns Violent * The Geography of Liberia * Samuel Doe's upward push to energy * Civil struggle starts * the necessity for U.S. Involvement * First examine Monrovia * bankruptcy 2 - getting ready for Operation Sharp part * From Predeployment education to the Mediterranean * aspect males in Monrovia * Circling at Mamba Station * Frantic Negotiations Fizzle * Marines Poised for Insertion * the decision to Evacuate * bankruptcy three - Evacuation Operations * A wet D-Day * Into the Embassy * West African Peacekeepers Arrive * Evacuation from Buchanan * Rotation of Marine Forces * Turnover and Departure * bankruptcy four - Operation Sharp aspect * Deployment of the twenty sixth MEU * twenty sixth MEU and the Formation of the CMAGTF in Liberia * Peacekeepers, combatants, and Contingency MAGTF * Rotation and relief of CMAGTF Marines * finishing touch of Sharp part * The Fleet Anti-Terrorism defense staff and the Departure of the Marines * half II - carrying on with Operations 1996-2003 * bankruptcy five - 22d MEU in Operation guaranteed reaction * Civil battle maintains * advent of yankee Forces * Marines Take the Reins * activities Ashore * Marines go back hearth * relief of Marine Forces * bankruptcy 6 - Operation fast reaction * Violence to the East * name within the Marines * Marine Operations in Bangui * making plans for Reinforcements * aid of Presence and Withdrawal * bankruptcy 7 - making plans, Deployment, and motion * distinct goal MAGTF Deploys * The specified goal MAGTF because the guaranteed reaction Joint activity strength * Marines Draw Down and leave * Epilogue - A Stabilizing Presence * Notes * Appendices * Appendix A: Chronology * Appendix B: Command and employees checklist * Appendix C: Citations * Appendix D: thesaurus of phrases and Abbreviations

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